Advocacy and the Non-Disabled Voice

by David Morstad

As a non-disabled person of faith advocating for people with disabilities, it used to be enough to stand on the verse in Proverbs 31, “Speak out for those who cannot speak for themselves.”  It was clear, concise, and defined a call to act mercifully—though it drew some awkward lines of separation as well. You liked a medical model? Then disability was an illness and the “well people” like us were your voice. You preferred an educational model?  Then people with disabilities were learners and we, the teachers, were your voice.  More comfortable with a socioeconomic understanding?  Then disabled people were the poor and marginalized, and we, the productive mainstream, laid claim to a voice that was never really ours to begin with.

But that landscape has been changing dramatically and the notion that some people will always need my non-disabled voice to speak for them is eroding. Credit the growth of our understanding, technology and other factors if you wish, but the real tribute belongs to the Disability Rights movement and the people who have claimed their own voice. 

I am a white, non-disabled, middle-class, college educated, heterosexual male living in the United States. A Venn diagram of those characteristics would position me among the most privileged people in the country.  While the ever-declining percentage of people in that category with me is at its lowest point in  history, it is still where the power and influence is strongest.  When it comes to matters of discrimination, poverty, isolation, limited access to healthcare, inadequate education, lack of transportation, and a host of other serious issues faced by people with disabilities, can I honestly claim that I have the same risk and firsthand knowledge?  For the most part, I have yet to even experience those things, let alone develop any real expertise. My lack of credibility ought to be self-evident. In the midst of this change, have the words from Proverbs been rendered irrelevant?  I don’t think so.  In fact, there may be a chance to find a new and deeper meaning in the verse.

Lessons we have learned

I like to think there are some recent social parallels that offer direction toward a new way of thinking. Renée Graham, a columnist for the Boston Globe, wrote recently about issues of racism and white privilege.  “Claiming you aren’t racist is meaningless,” he says, “What matters is recognizing racism, calling it by its name, and working to eradicate it.”  In a contemporary #BlackLivesMatter consciousness, it has been asserted that one simply cannot grow up white in America without harboring at least some racial prejudice—however unintended that may be.  If unintended racism is a byproduct of white privilege, is unintended ableism a byproduct of the privilege of ability? Probably. Do I unwittingly harbor subtle ableism as surely as I do racism?  Probably.

Step upSo, what is our role? Weh Yeoh, a physiotherapist supporting children with disabilities living in poverty, said this in a 2012 article,  “In a recent discussion with a feminist friend of mine, we talked about how men such as myself should best be involved in advocating for women’s rights. ‘Step up, and then step back’ was the advice she gave me. I think non-disabled people can use the same attitude toward raising awareness of issues faced by people with disabilities.”

We do have a valuable role to play, we just need to be clear about what it is, and the one place where people without disabilities may speak confidently is from within our own non-disabled community. Proverbs 31:8 still lives there. We must speak truth to our own. There, we can acknowledge injustice and own the imbalance of power we have perpetuated. There, we can step up, saying what needs to be said to those who need to hear it, and then step back.  There we can advocate for bringing real competence to the table in the form of lived experience, authenticity, and truth—the first-person voice of people with disabilities. There, we can speak.  Then, step back.